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    Global macro research: 30 years in currency markets

    Global macro research: 30 years in currency markets

    23 June 2023 Solutions, Video

    Francesca Fornasari, Head of Currency Solutions

    In 2023 Insight will have been actively managing currency risk for its clients for over 30 years. In this paper, our currency team looks at the incredible changes that have occurred in currency markets over this period and how approaches to currency management have evolved as a result.

    As we contemplate the simplicity of transacting between different currencies in the modern world, it seems hard to believe that currencies have only been free-floating since the early 1970s. The previous system of fixed rate exchange rates, known as Bretton Woods, came to a close in 1971 when President Nixon ended the convertibility of the US dollar into gold. Although the period that followed was somewhat chaotic, it eventually led to the US allowing the dollar to become free-floating, and those events set the backdrop for huge changes across the world.

    Globalisation, the liberalisation of capital accounts and booming tourism and migration have catapulted this relatively new asset class to become the largest and most liquid in the world. By 2022, daily turnover in global currency markets had reached close to $8 trillion – a tenfold rise since the early 1990s. Liquidity in currency markets now dwarfs that found in both equities and bonds.

    The strategies used for currency management have become more complex as currency markets have grown, evolving to deal with volatile capital flows. This means that currency markets are no longer just a potential source of risk or of alpha but are increasingly used to add diversification.

    Click to read the full whitepaper below


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